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  • Writer's pictureDr. Roisin O'Loughlin

Ovulation

Ovulation is the release of eggs from the ovaries. The typical female menstrual cycle is on average 28 days. In this instance, most women will ovulate on Day 14. The egg will survive for 14–28 hours while it waits to be fertilised. This is the only time you can actually get pregnant. However, sperm will survive for 5 days inside the female body. Therefore, your fertile window is actually 5–6 days long.

What can I do to track my ovulation and fertile window?

A number of physical symptoms may indicate you are about to ovulate or are ovulating.

  • Increase in cervical fluid (the fertile mucus that appears before ovulation): It is like raw egg white in appearance and is slippery and stretchy. This is a very clear sign if you are fertile

  • Increase in basal body temperature: This will rise after you ovulate until you get your period due to the production of progesterone

  • Lower abdominal pain – Mittelschmerz

  • Breast tenderness

  • Light spotting

  • Abdominal bloating

  • Increased sex drive

The use of a menstrual tracking app may be helpful in identifying your fertile window and when you are due to ovulate. Ovulation test kit/sticks detect a surge in LH and can identify your most fertile days.
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