POI or premature menopause is when the ovaries stop functioning under the age of 40.
It is relatively common condition with an incidence of 1:100 in those under 40, 1:1000 in women under 30 and 1:10,000 in women under 20 years old.
What are the causes of POI?
Genetic (Positive family history)
Autoimmune diseases such as thyroid dysfunction or Diabetes Mellitus
What are the symptoms of POI?
Irregular periods or cessation of periods
Peri-menopausal or menopausal symptoms such as; hot flashes, night sweats, mood disturbance, difficulty sleeping, joint pains, headaches and lowered libido
Difficulty getting pregnant
What tests can you do to diagnose POI?
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)- An FSH level of > 30 on 2 occasions alongside clinical symptoms of POI can confirm the condition
AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone)- low level/undetectable
Where can you access help if you think you may have POI?
At TheFertilityHQ, we can carry out these tests if you think you may be at risk of POI or having fertility issues